General Restrictions

  • No use of unauthorized weaponry or ammunition while hunting within Alabama.
  • Compliance with inspections of hunting gear by Conservation Officers is mandatory.
  • The use of laser sights and forward-projecting lights is prohibited unless:
  • Holding a valid nighttime hunting license for feral swine and coyote.
  • The individual is a legally blind hunter, following regulation 220-2-.11.
  • Owning night vision equipment during hunts is illegal, exempting those with a nighttime license specifically for feral swine and coyote.
  • Fully automatic firearms are banned in hunting activities.


Authorized Hunting Equipment for Specific Game


  • Centerfire, mushrooming ammo in rifles.
  • Pre-charged pneumatic air guns, .30 cal or larger.
  • Pneumatic arrow rifles with broadhead arrows, 7/8 inch minimum cutting diameter, and 2 edges.
  • Shotguns of 10 gauge or less using buckshot, slugs, or single round ball.
  • Muzzleloaders and Black Powder Handguns of .40 caliber or more.
  • Long bows, compound bows, and crossbows (subject to 220-2-.03).
  • Handguns or pistols with centerfire, mushrooming ammo.



  • Shotguns up to 10 gauge using standard No. 2 or smaller shot.
  • Long bows, compound bows, and crossbows (per 220-2-.03).
  • Possession of non-prohibited firearms is acceptable when stalk hunting deer and turkey, provided turkeys are not targeted with rifles or shotgun using buckshot or slugs.


Migratory Birds

  • Shotguns up to 10 gauge, with a filler limiting capacity to 3 shells.
  • Approved shot compositions and sizes by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
  • Long bows, compound bows, and crossbows.


Raccoon & Opossum

  • Nighttime: Shotguns with No. 6 shot or smaller; .22 caliber rimfire.
  • Daytime: Refer to Other Game Birds Or Animals guidelines.


Bobcat, Groundhog, Unprotected Wildlife, Fox, Coyote & Feral Swine

  • Rifles of any caliber.
  • Handguns or pistols.
  • Shotguns up to 10 gauge.
  • Pre-charged pneumatic air guns, .25 caliber or larger.
  • Long bows, compound bows, and crossbows.
  • Muzzleloaders and black powder handguns of any caliber.
  • Pneumatic arrow rifles with broadhead arrows (7/8 inch minimum).
  • Spears or sharpened blades.


Bullfrog and Pig Frog

  • Air rifles .25 caliber or smaller.
  • Gig or spear.
  • Long bows, compound bows, or crossbows.
  • Hand or dip net.


Other Game Birds or Animals

  • Rimfire or air-operated rifles.
  • Muzzleloaders and black powder handguns of any caliber.
  • Long bows, compound bows, and crossbows.
  • Shotguns up to 10 gauge with No. 4 shot or smaller.
  • Handguns or pistols.
  • Blowguns (breath-propelled darts).
  • Sling shots.

These guidelines ensure the ethical and legal approach to hunting, preserving wildlife management and public safety. Compliance is not optional but a requirement for all hunters within Alabama.
Wild Advisor Pro


The legal advice provided on Wild Advisor Pro is intended as a summary of the hunting, camping, hiking, and fishing laws and regulations and does not constitute legal language or professional advice. We make every effort to ensure the information is accurate and up to date, but it should not be relied upon as legal authority. For the most current and comprehensive explanation of the laws and regulations, please consult the official government websites or a qualified legal professional. Wild Advisor Pro is not responsible for any misunderstandings or misinterpretations of the information presented and shall not be held liable for any losses, damages, or legal disputes arising from the use of this summary information. Always check with the appropriate governmental authorities for the latest information regarding outdoor regulations and compliance.