Freshwater Fish Species

Crappie Species

Black Crappie

  • Scientific Name: Pomoxis nigromaculatus
  • Appearance: Features a silvery-green to yellowish body adorned with black spots forming irregular patterns. Notable for its 7-8 dorsal spines and compressed body shape, they commonly reach sizes up to 12 inches.

White Crappie

  • Scientific Name: Pomoxis annularis
  • Appearance: Exhibits a lighter, more silvery body compared to its black counterpart, with distinct vertical bars rather than spots. Possesses 5-6 dorsal spines and also grows up to 12 inches in length.

Black Bass Varieties

Largemouth Bass

  • Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides
  • Appearance: Recognizable by its large mouth extending past the eye, a greenish to brownish body with a prominent dark horizontal stripe, and capability to grow significantly large, often exceeding 20 inches.

Smallmouth Bass

  • Scientific Name: Micropterus dolomieu
  • Appearance: Features a smaller mouth not extending beyond the eye, a bronze to brownish body with dark vertical bands, favoring cooler waters and typically growing up to 22 inches.

Redeye (Bartram's) Bass

  • Scientific Name: Micropterus coosae
  • Appearance: Noted for its distinctive red eye and an olive to bronze body. It's smaller than largemouth and smallmouth bass, usually not exceeding 15 inches.

Spotted Bass

  • Scientific Name: Micropterus punctulatus
  • Appearance: Similar to largemouth bass but with a smaller mouth and rows of dark spots along their lower sides, generally growing up to 24 inches in length.

Pickerel Classification

Chain Pickerel

  • Scientific Name: Esox niger
  • Appearance: Characterized by a dark, chain-like pattern on a light green to yellowish-green body, with a duckbill-shaped snout, reaching up to 30 inches.

Redfin Pickerel

  • Scientific Name: Esox americanus americanus
  • Appearance: Known for its reddish fin coloration and smaller size compared to the chain pickerel, rarely exceeding 15 inches in length.

Perch Identification

Yellow Perch

  • Scientific Name: Perca flavescens
  • Appearance: Vibrant yellow to gold body with dark vertical stripes, slightly forked tail, growing up to 15 inches long.

Coldwater Trout Insight

Brook Trout

  • Scientific Name: Salvelinus fontinalis
  • Appearance: Olive-green to dark brown body with light and red spots surrounded by blue halos, white leading edge on lower fins, reaching up to 15 inches.

Rainbow Trout

  • Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Appearance: Notable for a pink to red stripe along the side over a silvery to greenish-blue body, some individuals exceed 20 inches.

Brown Trout

  • Scientific Name: Salmo trutta
  • Appearance: Brownish to olive body with dark and a few reddish spots with light halos, adaptable to various habitats, growing over 25 inches in some cases.
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