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UNLESS OTHERWISE LISTED IN THE SPECIAL RULES: THE FOLLOWING STATEWIDE FRESHWATER RULES AND SEASONS APPLY:

Regulations for Game Fish in Freshwater

Possession Limit

The possession limit for game fish is set at 2 daily limits in any form.

Bass Regulations

Largemouth Bass:

  • No minimum size restriction in lakes, ponds, and reservoirs.
  • Only largemouth bass less than 12" may be retained, except for 1 over 17".
  • Daily limit: 5.
  • No size restriction or daily limit in rivers, streams, and beaver ponds.

Smallmouth Bass:

  • No minimum size restriction in lakes, ponds, and reservoirs.
  • Only 1 smallmouth bass over 14" may be retained.
  • Daily limit: 10.
  • No size restriction or daily limit in rivers, streams, and beaver ponds.

Walleye Regulations

  • Minimum size: 12" in lakes, ponds, and reservoirs.
  • Daily limit: 8.
  • Only 1 over 22" may be retained.
  • No size restriction or daily limit in rivers, streams, and beaver ponds.

Channel Catfish Regulations

  • No minimum size restriction in lakes, ponds, and reservoirs.
  • Daily limit: 5.
  • No minimum size or daily limit in rivers, streams, and beaver ponds.

Other Game Fish Regulations

  • Burbot (Freshwater Ling): No minimum size. Daily limit: 5.
  • Crappie, Northern Pikeminnow, Peamouth Chub, Perch, Suckers, Sunfish, Catfish (except Channel), Rock Bass, Striped Bass: No minimum size. No daily limit.
  • Grass Carp: Closed unless otherwise listed in Special Rules.
  • Kokanee: No minimum size. Daily limit: 10.
  • Tiger Muskellunge (Tiger Muskie): Minimum size: 50". Daily limit: 1.
  • Whitefish: No minimum size. Daily limit: 15.
  • Steelhead: Release all wild steelhead. Minimum size: 20". Daily limit: 2. Open during salmon or game fish seasons unless otherwise listed.
  • Trout (Brown Trout, Cutthroat Trout, Rainbow Trout, Golden Trout, Tiger Trout, Grayling):
    • In rivers, streams, and beaver ponds: Minimum size: 8". Daily limit: 2.
    • In lakes, ponds, and reservoirs: No minimum size. Daily limit: 5.

Char Regulations

  • Lake Trout: No minimum size. No daily limit.
  • Eastern Brook Trout (EBT): No minimum size. No daily limit.
  • Dolly Varden/Bull Trout: Closed unless otherwise listed in Special Rules.

Regulations for Food Fish in Freshwater

Common Carp

  • No license required.
  • No minimum size.
  • No daily limit.
  • No possession limit.
  • May also be taken by spear or bow-and-arrow.
  • Open only during open game fish or salmon seasons.

Shad

  • No minimum size.
  • No daily limit.
  • No possession limit.
  • Open only during open game fish or salmon seasons except Apr. 1-May 15: closed in the mainstem Columbia River downstream of Bonneville Dam.

Salmon

  • Anglers may not continue to fish for salmon after the adult portion of the daily limit has been retained.
  • Possession limit: 2 daily limits in fresh form. An additional 40 pounds of salmon may be possessed in frozen or processed form.
  • Atlantic salmon may be retained during any open trout or salmon fishery. There is no size limit or daily limit for Atlantic salmon.

Forage Fish

  • No minimum size.
  • Daily limit is 10 lbs. in the aggregate with herring, sardines, sandlance, smelt, and anchovies.
  • Possession limit: 2 daily limits in fresh form.
  • Additional smelt may be possessed in a frozen or processed form.
  • All smelt caught must be kept and count toward the daily limit.
  • Smelt may be taken by dip net.
  • Statewide closure of eulachon (Columbia River smelt). Eulachon may not be retained unless authorized by emergency rule.
  • Fishing for smelt other than eulachon is open in all rivers except the Columbia River and its tributaries only during open game fish or salmon seasons unless specifically noted in special rules.

White Sturgeon

Columbia River from Bonneville Dam Upstream to McNary Dam including tributaries:

  • Minimum size: 38" fork length in waters downstream of The Dalles Dam, and minimum size: 43" fork length in waters upstream of The Dalles Dam.
  • Maximum size: 54" fork length.
  • Daily limit: 1.
  • Possession limit: 2 daily limits in a fresh, frozen, or processed form.
  • Annual limit: 2 sturgeon statewide per license year (April 1-March 31).
  • Open only during open game fish or salmon seasons unless specifically noted in special rules.

Columbia River from Bonneville Dam Downstream, and from McNary Dam to Chief Joseph Dam, Snake River, coastal, and Puget Sound waters including their tributaries:

  • Catch-and-release only.
  • Open only during open game fish or salmon seasons unless specifically noted in special rules.

Green Sturgeon

  • It is unlawful to fish for or retain green sturgeon.

Lamprey Regulations:

It is illegal to catch, target, or have in possession any Pacific lamprey, western brook lamprey, or river lamprey. Additionally, the use of any lamprey species as fishing bait is prohibited.

Northern Pike Guidelines:

Northern Pike fishing has no minimum size requirement, no daily catch limit, and no possession limit. However, it's mandated that Northern Pike must be deceased before being taken away from the riparian area, which refers to the immediate surroundings of the water body.

Regulations for Other Fish Species:

Any fish not categorized as game fish or food fish fall under a closed regulation. For detailed definitions, refer to the relevant definitions section.

Bullfrog Rules:

No fishing license is necessary for catching bullfrogs. There are no size restrictions or daily catch limits for bullfrogs. They can be captured through angling, hand-dip netting, spearing (gigging), or using a bow-and-arrow.

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Disclaimer:

The legal advice provided on Wild Advisor Pro is intended as a summary of the hunting, camping, hiking, and fishing laws and regulations and does not constitute legal language or professional advice. We make every effort to ensure the information is accurate and up to date, but it should not be relied upon as legal authority. For the most current and comprehensive explanation of the laws and regulations, please consult the official government websites or a qualified legal professional. Wild Advisor Pro is not responsible for any misunderstandings or misinterpretations of the information presented and shall not be held liable for any losses, damages, or legal disputes arising from the use of this summary information. Always check with the appropriate governmental authorities for the latest information regarding outdoor regulations and compliance.