Regulation Governing Possession of Road-Killed Wildlife in Wyoming

Authority and Scope

The Wyoming Statutes, specifically § 23-3-106 and § 23-3-310, empower the creation of this regulation, which details the legal framework for possessing wildlife killed on roads. The definitions align with those in Title 23 of Wyoming Statutes and Commission Regulations, with additional clarifications:

  • Approved Landfill or Incinerator: Facilities sanctioned by the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality for animal carcass disposal.
  • Public Road or Highway: Roads accessible to the public, including the road surface, adjacent fenced areas, and a 30-foot perimeter on unfenced roads. This does not include two-track trails on public lands.
  • Road Killed Wildlife: Ungulate species (antelope, deer, elk, moose, wild bison) and wild turkeys inadvertently hit by vehicles.

Authorization Process

To possess road-killed wildlife, individuals must obtain authorization from the Department, which may involve electronic reporting, permits, donation coupons, or game tags. However, this does not permit illegal wildlife taking or euthanizing injured wildlife on roads.

Collection Rules

Authorized individuals must adhere to strict guidelines when collecting wildlife:

  • Timing: Collection is allowed only from sunrise to sunset.
  • Vehicle Positioning: The collection vehicle must be parked safely, not obstructing traffic, with emergency flashers activated.
  • Wildlife Handling: Complete removal of wildlife, including inedible parts, during authorized hours is required. Field dressing on public road rights-of-way is prohibited.
  • Inspection Compliance: The Department reserves the right to inspect collected wildlife.

Exemptions and Prohibited Areas

Certain highways (Interstate Highways 25, 80, 90), construction zones, and National Park Service lands are exempt from these regulations due to public safety concerns.

Disposal of Certain Wildlife

Particular attention is given to the disposal of deer, elk, and moose:

  • In-State Transport: These animals can be transported within Wyoming for processing, taxidermy, or CWD testing. Disposal of heads and spinal columns must be in approved facilities.
  • Out-of-State Transport: Processed parts, excluding spinal column and head, and certain cleaned parts can be transported out of state.
  • Restrictions: Whole carcasses cannot be transported out of Wyoming.

Penalties for False Statements

False statements to obtain authorization are a violation of this regulation.

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